It is important that the correct list of authors is attributed to an
article from the start of the submission process. Author lists with the
incorrect information can result in academic or financial implications,
whilst also providing the reader with the wrong information on where the
responsibility and accountability for the published work should lie.
All authors listed on a submission must have given prior approval to
have their name attributed to the file(s) that are being submitted and
agree to the publication. The corresponding author has responsibility to
ensure that all authors qualify for, and have agreed to, authorship of
the submission. They are also responsible for informing all co-authors
of relevant editorial information during the review process.
Our recommendations are based on the ICMJE criteria for authorship. Authors must have:
- made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the
work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the
- contributed to the drafting the work, or revising it critically for important intellectual content
- provided final approval of the version to be published
- agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring
that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the
work are appropriately investigated and resolved
- agreed to be named on the author list, and approved of the full author list
Those that meet some but do not meet all of the above criteria should
be acknowledged in the publication but not listed as an author.
Examples that do not qualify for authorship but should be acknowledged
are sources of funding, supervision of research groups, administrative
support, language editing and proof reading. Written permission should
be obtained from those being acknowledged.